The nutrition is taking in the nutrients and converting them into energy. It is very important to consider a balanced and individualised nutrition with all its important components. Nutrition is important because it is essential for the functioning and maintenance of the vital functions of living beings, it helps to maintain the homeostatic balance of the organism, both in macrosystemic processes, such as digestion or metabolism. If we do thorough research on nutrition we can discover interesting facts about food and nutrition in general. Some of these facts are:
- Meat does not rot in your colon
It’s entirely false that meat rots in your colon. Our body is completely capable to digest the nutrients found in meat. proteins are dealt with by the stomach acid. The most part of proteins and fats are absorbed and very little part is left to rot in the colon.
- Eggs are not very healthy food to eat
It is not true because even the fact that eggs contain high amounts of cholesterol, does not make them dangerous for health. The cholesterol contained in eggs does not raise blood cholesterol as it is believed. The other fallacy is that eggs have a negative effect on heart diseases.
- Low-Fat Doesn’t Mean Healthy
Numerous long-term studies suggest that it neither works for weight loss nor disease prevention. The trending diets that offered false opportunities to lose weight brought the creation of many new low-fat products which were not tasty (fat adds taste to the food). Therefore, many companies added sugar and other fattening components to these products to make them tasty, but more dangerous than they were in reality.
- Cholesterol Isn’t the Enemy
Many people refer to “cholesterol” to something that is not cholesterol. When people talk about the so-called “bad” LDL and “good” HDL cholesterol, they’re really referring to the proteins that carry cholesterol around in your blood. In reality, Cholesterol is not the enemy. It should exist in a healthy body. The danger is caused by lipoproteins that carry cholesterol around and not the cholesterol by itself.
Likewise, it allows for molecular processes (amino acids, enzymes, vitamins, minerals), which are physiological and biochemical processes, in which energy (calories) is consumed and expended.
Lots of health disorders can be treated with the correct nutrition. A balanced use of nutrients can help to solve problems related to many chronic diseases.
The most important nutrients are:
- Carbohydrates: also called simple sugars, they provide energy to the body, although their consumption should be moderate. They are found in foods such as rice, bread or pasta, among others. There are different types of carbohydrates.
- Sugars: They are also called simple carbohydrates because they are in their most basic form. They can be added to foods, such as sugar in candy, desserts, processed foods, and soft drinks. They also include the types of sugar found naturally in fruits, vegetables, and milk.
- Starches: They are complex carbohydrates that are made of many simple sugars attached. Your body needs to break down starches into sugars to use them for energy. Starches include bread, cereal, and pasta. They also include certain vegetables, such as potatoes, peas, and corn.
- Fiber: It is also a complex carbohydrate. Your body can’t break down most fiber, so eating foods with fiber can help you feel full and make you less likely to overeat. High fiber diets have other health benefits. They can help prevent stomach or intestinal problems, such as constipation. They can also help lower cholesterol and blood sugar. Fiber is found in many foods that come from plants, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds and more.
- Lipids or fats: they constitute a direct source of energy for the body. In addition, adipose tissues protect and support vital organs. There are monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and saturated fats. Probably the most unknown type of fats are trans fats. These types of fats are made by heating liquid vegetable oils in the presence of hydrogen gas and a catalyst, a process called hydrogenation.
- Proteins: they are one of the basic components for shaping bones and muscles, as well as supplying energy to the body. They are also related to weight control and cholesterol regulation. Proteins play a fundamental role in the body. They are essential for growth, thanks to their nitrogen content, which is not present in other molecules such as fats or carbohydrates. They are also used for the synthesis and maintenance of various tissues or components of the body, such as gastric juices, hemoglobin, vitamins, hormones and enzymes. They also help transport certain gases through the blood, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide, and act as buffers to maintain the acid-base balance and oncotic pressure of the plasma.
- Vitamins or mineral salts: can be found mainly in fruits and vegetables. They are involved in nerve functions and in the proper function and proper development of muscles and the body in general. Vitamins are substances present in food in small amounts that are essential for the proper functioning of the body. They act as a catalyst in the chemical reactions that occur in the human body causing the release of energy.
- Water: it is the main component of the human body, in addition to being responsible for facilitating functions such as digestion or elimination of waste. It can be consumed directly or in derived products. It is responsible for transporting nutrients into the cells, helping to eliminate waste products from them. Participates in the digestion of nutrients. Helps to dissolve them along with digestion through hydrolysis.
In summary, nutrition can help if it is well organised and cause serious harm if it is not considered essential and is not correctly developed. Make sure you take into account the necessities of your body, your age and your aim while alimenting yourself. Balance your nutrition and keep safe.