Good insulation for your home is extremely important. Not only can poor insulation cost you money on energy bills, but it can also cause damage to your home through issues such as damp, mold, problems with your pipes, rust, and rotten wood. This, in turn, can compromise your health – particularly if you have mold – and also increase your carbon footprint.

There are some signs to watch out for that could indicate your property has bad insulation. These include high fluctuations in temperature inside your house, excessively high energy bills, and noticeable patches of damp or mold. If you’re concerned about problems with insulation, here are four easy steps you can take to combat them.

1. Locate the source of the issue

The first step is locating the cause of the insulation problem, to help you narrow down where to focus your efforts. Common areas where homes lose heat include doors, windows, fireplaces, attics, vents, and even phone lines and electrical outlets. You can use a thermal leak detector to find surface temperatures and get an idea of where the heat is escaping from, but in many cases, you’ll be able to see the gaps or feel the cold yourself.

2. Have your windows refurbished

Windows are a very common source of insulation problems, particularly in older properties. These days far superior insulation materials are available that can make your windows much more efficient. Find a specialist who deals with the style of windows your home has, like a sash window company, and get some advice on whether they need to be repaired or even replaced. Spending a bit of money upfront can save you more in the long term on things like energy bills.

 Combat Insulation Problems in 4 Easy Steps

3. Draft-proof your doors

Another common area for homes to lose heat is through the doors. One cheap and cheerful solution is to get a draft stopper, which sits at the base of the door to prevent cold air from coming in and warm air from leaving. Some guards fit onto the bottom of the door itself. Other things that you might like to consider are keyhole covers, which are small metallic disks that slide over the keyhole to stop airflow, or a covering for the mail slot if your door has one.

4. Deal with damp

Damp can be a real headache to deal with, so as soon as you spot the first signs, you want to act fast. One of the most widespread causes of damp is condensation, but luckily  there are simple steps you can take to combat this. For example, wipe down windows and windowsills every morning to remove the moisture that accumulates there overnight. You should also always ensure the kitchen and bathroom, in particular, are well ventilated, as these rooms tend to produce the most steam. Extractor fans can be very effective, but even just opening a window can help. Finally, try and keep your house warm throughout the winter months so that the surfaces don’t get cold enough to create condensation.

If those solutions fail to control your damp, it may be wise to get a professional damp proofing service involved.